Responses to climate change

Mitigation is a human intervention to reduce the sources or enhance the sinks of greenhouse gases (IPCC).

trebarihand3.JPGAdaptation is adjustment in human or natural systems to new or changing environment. Adaptation to climate change refers according to the IPCC definiton to adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities. Various types of adaptation can be distinguished, including anticipatory and reactive adaptation, private and public adaptation, and autonomous and planned adaptation.

Finland's climate policy

Finland revised the National Climate and Energy Strategy in 2005. The Strategy presents the Government's outline for the energy and climate policy in the coming years as well as actions required. The main content of Finland's National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change is included in the Climate and Energy Strategy. The Adaptation Strategy was, however, drawn up as a self-standing and comprehensive work and was published as a report in 2005 (Finland's National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change). Prime minister Matti Vanhanen's second Government will draw up a foresight report on climate and energy policy. This report is to be submitted to Parliament during spring 2009 (Finnish Government).